Ape Camp's Photographers of Note

by Torrey Nelson

This is a list of photographers that have made a significant mark in history, society, and the world of media. Some are artists, some are photojournalists, but many are a big chunk of both. Many have expanded the envelope, others refined and improved the envelope, and still others were in the right place at the right time with camera in hand. I created this list because of my interest in photography and the people involved in it. Of course this is not a comprehensive list. These are the photographers that have caught my eye. And I hope to add more as I explore this wonderful art form.

You can see examples of my photography in The Print Gallery, Photographs of Musicians, my All Star United page, my Tempest page, and throughout www.radbike.net. You can review my photography services at Torrey Nelson Productions.

This is an alphabetical list with a short description for each photographer. If you have corrections or additional information, such as links, just send e-mail.



Berenice Abbott 1898-1991

Berenice Abbott was a American photographer best known for her documentary photographs of New York City. She got her start as a assistant to Man Ray. She also is credited with rediscovering the French photographer Eugene Atget.

Books at Amazon.com Bookstore:
Berenice Abbott: An American Photographer by Hank O'Neal
Berenice Abbott : Changing New York by Bonnie Yochelson (Editor), Berenice Abbott
Berenice Abbott (Masters of Photography Series) by Julia Van Haaften

Ansel Adams 1902-1984

Ansel Adams is best known for his photography of the American West. His most famous works are finely detailed black and white prints of nature and landscapes.

Books at Amazon.com Bookstore:
Ansel Adams : Classic Images by James Alinder, John Szarkowski
The Camera (Ansel Adams Photography, Book 1) by Ansel Adams, Robert Baker
The Negative (Ansel Adams Photography, Book 2) by Ansel Adams, Robert Baker
The Print (Ansel Adams Photography, Book 3) by Ansel Adams, Robert Baker

Diane Arbus 1923-1971

Diane Arbus' most highly acclaimed work is her black and white photographs where she captured the antics and emotions of everyday people as well as people on the fringe. She was a free-lance photographer and received two Guggenheim fellowships (1963, 1966). Before she was a free-lance photographer she worked with her husband for fashion magazines and papers such as Esquire, Glamour, Harper's Bazaar, The New York Times, Show, and Vogue.

Books at Amazon.com Bookstore:
Diane Arbus : A Biography by Patricia Bosworth
Diane Arbus : An Aperture Monograph by Diane Arbus
Diane Arbus : Diane Arbus by Diane Arbus (Photographer), Yolanda Cuomo, Doon. Arbus
Diane Arbus : Magazine Work by Diane Arbus, Marvin Israel, Doon. Arbus, Thomas Southall

Jean Eugene Atget 1857-1927

Eugene Atget was a French documentary photographer. Photographing the same site from different angles and times, Atget would demonstrate that two pictures of one subject can have very different meanings and appeal. His photography would be largely unknown if it were not for another photographer, Berenice Abbott, who rediscovered him and brought much attention to his work.

Books at Amazon.com Bookstore:
Eugene Atget (Masters of Photography Series) by Ben Lifson

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Hippolyte Bayard 1807-1887

Frenchman Hippolyte Bayard invented a photographic process between 1837 and 1839 capable of producing negatives or positives. He created this photographic process independently of the work of Daguerre. Bayard photographed historic monuments during the 1850's.

Dawoud Bey

Dawoud Bey's work encompasses street photography in the 1970's to his current studio portrait projects. What stands his studio work apart from most, is that his subjects are not fashion models or the wealthy, but ordinary people and people of color. Not only are Bey's subjects nontraditional, but his camera is too. It is one of only five 20"x24" Polaroid view cameras in the world.

Books at Amazon.com Bookstore:
Dawoud Bey : Portraits 1975-1995 by Dawoud Bey, A. D. Coleman, Kellie Jones

Mathew B. Brady 1823-1896

Mathew Brady was an early American photographer. He is best know for his photographs of famous Americans, including President Abraham Lincoln, and the Civil War. During the Civil War he had as many as a 20 assistants working for him on location, and due to the studio convention of the time all of the photographs were attributed to Brady.

Selected Civil War Photographs at the Library of Congress
Books at Amazon.com Bookstore:
Mathew Brady : Civil War Photographer (First Books - Biographies) by Elizebeth Van Steenwyk
Mathew Brady and the Image of History by Mary Panzer, Jeana Kae Foley, National Portrait Gallery

Brassai 1899-1984

Brassai is best know for his 1930's street photography in Paris. Brassai's real name was Gyula Halasz. His photographic books include The Artists of My Life, Camera in Paris, Graffiti, Paris de Nuit, and The Secret Paris of the 30's.

Books at Amazon.com Bookstore:
Brassai : Letters to My Parents by Brassai, Barna Kantor (Translator), Peter Laki
Brassai : Images of Culture and the Surrealist Observer (Modernist Studies) by Marja Warehime
Henry Miller : The Paris Years by Brassai, Timothy Bent (Translator)

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Henri Cartier-Bresson 1908-2004

Henri Cartier-Bresson is best know for his photographs that captured the decisive moment of the subject. He was one of the founders of the cooperative agency Magnum.

Books at Amazon.com Bookstore:
Europeans by Henri Cartier-Bresson
Henri Cartier-Bresson : Mexican Notebooks 1934-1964 by Henri Cartier-Bresson, Carlos Fuentes (Introduction), Michelle Beaver (Translator)

Alvin Langdon Coburn 1882-1966

Alvin Langdon Coburn was a member of the Photo-Secession Group, and the British organization, the Salon of the Linked Ring. Starting in 1904 he began taking photographic portraits of London celebrities and published them in his 2-volume book Men of Mark. Some celebrities included in Men of Mark are George Meredith and George Bernard Shaw. In 1913 he experimented with unusual perspectives while photographing New York City.

Books at Amazon.com Bookstore:
Alvin Langdon Coburn : Symbolist Photographer by Mike Weaver, Alvin L. Coburn

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Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre 1787-1851

Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre continued the work of Joseph Nicephore Niepce and created the Daguerreotype process. The process would be made public in 1839 resulting in the Daguerreotype becoming the first widely used photographic process.

Andre Adolphe Eugene Disderi 1819-1890

Andre Adolphe Eugene Disderi was a French photographer who developed the Cartes de visite photographic technique, which he patented in 1854. Cartes de visite portraits soon became more popular than Daguerreotype portraits. They were so popular that people began collecting Cartes de visite portraits of famous people.

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Harold Eugene Edgerton 1903-1990

Harold Edgerton was an American photographer and inventor. He used his invention of the stroboscope to produce stroboscopic photographs. The stroboscope can produce a flash of light as short as 1/1,000,000 second. The action stopping capabilities of the stroboscope enable Edgerton to capture high speed objects on film. Some of his more famous photographs include a bullet piercing an apple, a bullet smashing a light bulb, the stages of a golfer's swing, milk drops in mid splash, and hummingbirds. Edgerton also worked on the Calypso with Jacques Cousteau developing underwater cameras and equipment. He was also the first person to take photographs of the sunken Titanic.

Books at Amazon.com Bookstore:
Seeing the Unseen : Dr. Harold E Edgerton and the Wonders of Strobe Alley by Roger R. Bruce (Editor), James L. Enyeart
Stopping Time : The Photographs of Harold Edgerton by Estelle Jussim, Gus Kayafas, Gus Hayafas
Electronic Flash, Strobe by Harold Eugene Edgerton

Alfred Eisenstaedt 1898-1995

Alfred Eisenstaedt is know for his photojournalism starting in the 1920's, and portraits of famous people. He was one of the original staff photographers of Life magazine. Some of the famous people he photographed include Albert Einstein, T. S. Eliot, John F. Kennedy, Marilyn Monroe, Robert Oppenheimer, and Bertrand Russell.

Books at Amazon.com Bookstore:
Eisenstaedt : Remembrances by Alfred Eisenstaedt, Doris C. O'Neil (Editor), Bryan Holme
Eisenstaedt on Eisenstaedt : A Self-Portrait by Alfred Eisenstaedt

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Arthur Fellig 1899-1968

Arthur Fellig, a.k.a. Weegee, is best know for his New York City press photography. With the use of a police radio he would often get to a crime or accident scene first as if he had the help of a Ouija board; hence, the name Weegee. His books include Naked City, and Naked Hollywood.

Weegee at Graflex.Org
Books at Amazon.com Bookstore:
Naked City (A Da Capo Paperback) by Weegee
The Village (A Da Capo Paperback) by Weegee
Weegee : Naked New York by John Coplans (Editor), Arthur Fellig
Weegee's People by Arthur Fellig
Sinatra : The Artist and the Man by John Lahr, Weegee (Photographer), William Read Woodfield (Photographer), b Willoughby, Abbott Evans
Weegee (Masters of Photography Series) by Allene Tabney
Weegee's World by Weegee, Alain Bergala, Ellen Handy, Miles Barth

Roger Fenton 1819-1869

By photographing the Crimean War in 1855, Roger Fenton became the first photographer to photograph actual combat. Fenton who was from England also photographed Moscow and the British Royal Family.

Books at Amazon.com Bookstore:
Roger Fenton (Masters of Photography) by Roger Fenton
Roger Fenton : Pasha and Bayadere (Getty Museum Studies on Art) by Gordon Baldwin, Roger Fenton

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Ralph Gibson 1939-

Ralph Gibson likes to photograph the "abstract in things". He is a true artist, always trying to explore the visual impacts of his photographs. He has published a number of books including The Somnambulist and Days at Sea.

Books at Amazon.com Bookstore:
L'Histoire De France by Ralph Gibson, Marguerite Duras, Annie Cohen-Solal
Light Years by Ralph Gibson, Peter Weiermair (Editor)
Overtones; Diptychs and Proportions by Ralph Gibson
The Spirit of Burgundy by Ralph Gibson (Photographer)

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Gyula Halasz, see Brassai

Horst P. Horst 1906-1999

Horst is known for his fashion and interiors photography. He has worked for Vogue and House and Garden magazines. Some of the famous people he has photographed include Coco Chanel, Marlene Dietrich, and Paulette Goddard.

Books at Amazon.com Bookstore:
Horst : Interiors by Barbara Plumb, Horst P. Horst
Horst : Sixty Years of Photography by Horst, Richard J. Horst (Editor), Lothar Schirmer (Editor), mart Kazmaier, Martin Kazmaier

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Cosmo Innes

Cosmo Innes was a amateur 19th century portrait photographer in Britain using the collodion photographic process. His portraits conveyed a personal expression, many times in casual settings.

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William Henry Jackson 1843-1942

William H. Jackson was an early photographer of American Indians and the frontier.

Books at Amazon.com Bookstore:
The Birth of a Century; Early Color Photographs of America by Jim Hughes, William Henry Jackson
Time Exposure : The Autobiography of William Henry Jackson by William Henry Jackson
William Henry Jackson and the Transformation of the American Landscape by Peter B. Hales
William Henry Jackson : Framing the Frontier by Douglas Waitley
Hayden and His Men : A Selection of 108 Photographs by William Henry Jackson of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey of the territorie by Frank Chambers
William Henry Jackson : An Annotated Bibliography {1862 to 1995} by Thomas H. Harrell Phd (Compiler)
William Henry Jackson's Colorado by William C. Jones

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Yousuf Karsh 1908-2002

Yousuf Karsh is know for his portraits of prominent people who have shaped the 20th century. In 1941 he took one of the most famous photographs of Winston Churchill. He has also photographed Marian Anderson, Brigitte Bardot, Leonard Bernstein, President Bill Clinton, Albert Einstein, Ernest Hemingway, the Marx Brothers, Mother Theresa, Jawaharlal Nehru, Andy Warhol, and many others.

Books at Amazon.com Bookstore:
Karsh : A Sixty-Year Retrospective by Yousuf Karsh
Karsh : American Legends by Yousuf Karsh

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Dorothea Lange 1895-1965

Dorothea Lange was a American documentary photographer. Her most famous photographs were of rural America during the Great Depression, which she took for the Farm Security Administration. She also worked on photo projects for Life magazine.

Books at Amazon.com Bookstore:
Dorothea Lange (Portraits of Women Artists for Children) by Robyn Montana Turner
Dorothea Lange : A Visual Life by Elizabeth Partridge (Editor)
Dorothea Lange : American Photographs by Therese Thau Heyman (Contributor), Sandra S. Phillips, John Szarkowski
Dorothea Lange : Photographs of a Lifetime by Dorothea Lange (Photographer), Robert Coles (Contributor), Therese Heyman (Introduction)
Dorothea Lange's Ireland by Dorothea Lange (Photographer), Daniel Dixon, Gerry Mullins
Mothers of the South : Portraiture of the White Tenant Farm Woman by Margaret Jarman Hagood, Anne Firor Scott (Introduction), Marion Post (Photographer), Dorothea Lange (Photographer)
Photographing the Second Gold Rush : Dorothea Lange and the East Bay at War 1941-1945 by Charles Wollenberg (Introduction), Dorothea Lange
The Photographs of Dorothea Lange by Dorothea Lange, Kelle A. Botkin (Contributor), Keith F. Davis
The Thunderbird Remembered : Maynard Dixon, the Man and the Artist by Dorothea Lange, Edith Hamlin, Daniel Dixon (Contributor), John Dixon
Women of New Mexico : Depression Era Images (The New Deal and Folk Culture Series) by Marta Weigle (Editor), John Collier (Photographer), Dorothea Lange (Photographer)
Dorothea Lange by Dorothea Lange (Photographer), Therese Heyman (Afterword)
Restless Spirit : The Life and Work of Dorothea Lange by Elizabeth Partridge, Dorothea Lange

O. Winston Link 1914-2001

O. Winston Link is best know for his photography of American steam locomotives. Many of his most famous works are at night and required complicated flash bulb set ups.

O. Winston Link - Last Days of Steam Locomotives, at Graflex.Org
O. Winston Link Museum
Books at Amazon.com Bookstore:
The Last Steam Railroad in America : From Tidewater to Whitetop by O. Winston Link (Photographer), Thomas H. Garver
Steam, Steel & Stars; America's Last Steam Railroad by O. Winston Link

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Linda McCartney 1941-1998

Linda McCartney is best known for her photographs of 1960's musicians, including her husband Paul McCartney. She also published a book of roadside photography, plus many cookbooks.

Books at Amazon.com Bookstore:
Linda McCartney's Sixties : Portrait of an Era by Linda McCartney, Paul McCartney (Designer)
Roadworks by Linda McCartney

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Joseph Nicephore Niepce 1765-1833

Joseph Nicephore Niepce was a French inventor. He is credited with taking the very first photograph, 1822, making him the first photographer.

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Timothy Henry O'Sullivan 1840-1882

Timothy H. O'Sullivan was a talented photographer of the U.S. Civil War and the American western frontier. He worked for Mathew Brady and Alexander Gardner before becoming a official photographer on major government expeditions of the West and Panama.

Books at Amazon.com Bookstore:
The Photographic Artifacts of Timothy O'Sullivan by Rick Dingus

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Irving Penn 1917-2009

Irving Penn is a well know fashion photographer. He joined Vogue magazine in 1943.

Photocollect's Irving Penn; "H.L. Mencken & George Jean Nathan"
Books at Amazon.com Bookstore:
The Art of Being You by Gianni Versace, Germano Celant, Ingrid Sischy (Contributor), Richard Martin, Richard Avedon (Photographer), Steven Meisel (Photographer), Irving Penn (Photographer)
The Astronomers Plan a Voyage to Earth by Irving Penn
Drawings by Irving Penn
Irving Penn : A Career in Photography by Irving Penn (Photographer), Colin Westerbeck (Editor)
Irving Penn Regards the Work of Issey Miyake : Photographs 1975-1998 by Issey Miyake, Irving Penn, Mark Holborn (Introduction), Midori Kitamura

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Man Ray 1890-1976

Man Ray was a cutting edge photographer in the Dada, surrealist, and abstract art movements. One technique he used was the rayograph, which consists of a image made on photographic paper without a camera. He was also a painter and film maker.

Books at Amazon.com Bookstore:
In Focus Boxed Set : Andre Kertesz, Laszlo Moholy-Nagy and Man Ray by J. Paul Getty Museum, Laszlo Moholy Nagy, Andre Kertesz
In Focus: Man Ray
Man Ray : 1890-1976 by Kate Ware, E. De L'Ecotais, Katherine Ware, Manfred Heiting (Editor)
Man Ray : American Artist by Neil Baldwin
Man Ray (Great Modern Masters) by Man Ray, Marina Vanci-Perahim (Editor), Willard Wood (Translator)
Man Ray (Masters of Photography Series) by Man Ray (Photographer), Jed Perl
Man Ray Opera Grafica by Luciano Anselmino
Man Ray : Paris-LA (Smart Art Press (Series), V. 2., No. 17.) by Man Ray, Dickran Tashjian, Track 16 Gallery and Mainspace(Cor), Tom Patchett (Introduction)
Man Ray : Photobook by Man Ray
Man Ray: Photographs by Jean-Hubert Martin, Man Ray (Photographer)
Man Ray : Photographs, Paintings, Objects (Schirmer's Visual Library) by Man Ray (Artist), Janus
Man Ray: Photography and Its Double by Emmanuelle De I'Ecotais (Editor), Alain Sayag
Man Ray's Celebrity Portraits Photographs by Man Ray
Man Ray's Paris Portraits : 1921-1939 by Timothy Baum (Introduction), Man Ray, George Hemphill (Editor)
Photographs by Man Ray : One Hundred Five Works, 1920-1934 by Man Ray
Self Portrait : Man Ray by Man Ray, Juliet Man Ray (Afterword), Merry Foresta
Videos at Amazon.com:
Man Ray: Prophet of the Avant-Garde (DVD)
Man Ray: Prophet of the Avant-Garde (VHS)
Montparnasse Revisited - A Life in the Day of Man Ray (VHS)

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Sebastiao Salgado 1944-

Brazilian born Sebastiao Salgado is known for his photojournalist and artistic documentary work. His most famous project includes photographs of workers around the world. Some of his more famous shots are of gold miners in Brazil, English Channel tunnel diggers, Rajasthan Canal builders in India, and oil fire workers in Kuwait. Most of the workers are poor, and many times exploited. Salgado has become an advocate for these workers. His photographs force the viewer to realize the extremes that many of the worlds' workers have to endure in order to survive.

Books at Amazon.com Bookstore:
The Children : Refugees and Migrants by Sebastiao Salgado, Lelia Wanick Salgado (Editor)
CHINA: 50 Years Inside the People's Republic by Rae Yang, Sebastiao Salgado (Photographer), Hiroji Kubota (Photographer)
Migrations : Humanity in Transition by Sebastiao Salgado
Terra : Struggle of the Landless by Sebastiao Salgado (Photographer)
This Critical Mirror by Stephen Mayes (Editor), Sebastiao Salgado, Richard Avedon (Introduction)
An Uncertain Grace : Essays by Eduardo Galeano and Fred Ritchin by Sebastiao Salgado (Photographer), Eduardo Galeano, Fred Ritchin
Workers : An Archaeology of the Industrial Age by Sebastiao Salgado (Photographer)
Videos at Amazon.com:
Sebastiao Salgado - Looking Back at You (VHS)

W. Eugene Smith 1918-1978

W. Eugene Smith created photo essays on subjects ranging from everyday life to mercury poisoning. He was also a World War II photojournalist until May 1945 when he was seriously wounded on Okinawa. He was able to return to photojournalism after a 2 year recovery. Ziff-Davis Publications and Life magazine published his work.

Books at Amazon.com Bookstore:
Let Truth Be the Prejudice : W. Eugene Smith His Life and Photographs by Eugene W. Smith, Ben Maddow, W. Eugene Smith
W. Eugene Smith (Aperture Masters of Photography) by W. Eugene Smith, Jim Hughes
W. Eugene Smith : Photographs 1934-1975 by W. Eugene Smith (Photographer), John T. Hill (Editor), Gabriel Beauret (Editor)
W. Eugene Smith : Shadow and Substance : The Life and Work of an American Photographer by Jim Hughes
Videos at Amazon.com:
W. Eugene Smith - Photography Made Difficult (VHS)

Edward Steichen 1879-1973

Edward Steichen was an innovator and promoter of fine art photography. During the two world wars he was a major force in military photography. He also was a chief photographer for Vogue and Vanity Fair magazines.

Books at Amazon.com Bookstore:
Steichen's Legacy : Photographs, 1895-1973 by Edward Steichen, Joanna Steichen
The Family of Man by Edward Steichen
Edward Steichen by Joel Smith, Edward Steichen
Real Fantasies: Edward Steichen's Advertising Photography by Patricia Johnston
Edward Steichen : Selected Texts and Bibliography by Edward Steichen, Ronald J. Gedrim
Edward Steichen : The Royal Photographic Society Collection by Edward Steichen, Sabina Cortese

Alfred Stieglitz 1864-1946

Besides being a photographer, Alfred Stieglitz was a major promoter of other photographers and photography as a fine art form. His most famous photos are of clouds, and Georgia O'Keeffe whom he married.

Books at Amazon.com Bookstore:
Alfred Stieglitz : Photographs & Writings by Alfred Stieglitz (Photographer), Sarah Greenough, Juan Hamilton, Georgia O'Keeffe
Modern Art and America : Alfred Stieglitz and His New York Galleries by Sarah Greenough (Editor), National Gallery of Art
Camera Works : Alfred Steiglitz by Pam Roberts, Alfred Stieglitz
Videos at Amazon.com
Alfred Stieglitz - The Eloquent Eye

Paul Strand 1890-1976

Paul Strand is know for his abstract close ups of objects. He was the subject of the last two issues of Alfred Stieglitz's magazine Camera Work.

Books at amazon.com

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William Henry Fox Talbot 1800-1877

William Henry Fox Talbot developed a original process creating paper negatives that were used to make positive prints. This made him the first person to develop a negative to positive process. He was also the first person to illustrate a book with original photographs.

Books at amazon.com

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Jerry Norman Uelsmann 1934-2022

Jerry N. Uelsmann is know for his photomontages produced by creative darkroom techniques. He calls his work post-visualization.

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James Valentine 1815-1880

Jame Valentine was a landscape photographer who worked out of Dundee, Scotland.

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Weegee, see Arthur Fellig

Edward Weston 1886-1958

Most of Edward Weston's photography forces the viewer to view the subject in a new way. Some of his most famous photographs are close proximity shots of shells, vegetables, and nudes. A 8x10 view camera was his camera of choice. He was the first photographer to receive Guggenheim grants.

Books at amazon.com
Photocollect's Biography of EDWARD WESTON

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© Copyright 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2022 by Torrey Nelson

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